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    • Zakat Al-Fitr

    • انقر هنا لقراءة هذه الصفحة باللغة العربية

      Zakat al-Fitr

      Ramadan 1441 / May 2020

      The Ruling of Zakat al-Fitr: Zakat al-Fitr is an obligatory charity that our religion has commanded us to give at the end of Ramadan and before Eid al-Fitr. The evidence of its obligation is found in the Hadith of the Prophet (Peace be upon him), Abd Allah ibn Omar (May Allah be pleased with them ) narrated: (The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) enjoined the payment of one sa” of dates or one sa’ of barley as Zakat al-fitr on every Muslim, slave or free, male or female, young or old, and he ordered that it be paid before the people went out to offer the ‘Eid prayer’)[1].

      The wisdom of Zakat al-Fitr: This charity has two main wisdoms. Firstly, the wisdom that benefits the giver themselves, as it purifies the wealth of the believer and grants them redemption for their short comings in their fast, such as any indecent acts or speech they have committed. And the second wisdom is to benefit the Muslim community, placing within it love and mercy, for Zakat al-Fitr aims to bring joy and happiness to the poor and their families by easing circumstances for them, and preventing them from asking for help on the day of Eid. Abd Allah ibn ‘Abas (May Allah be pleased with them) Narrated that: (The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) enjoined Zakat-al-Fitr on the one who fasts (i.e. fasted during the month of Ramadan) to purify him from any indecent act or speech and for the purpose of providing food for the needy. It is accepted as Zakah for the person who pays it before the Eid prayer and it is Sadaqah (i.e. voluntary charity) for the person who pays it after the Eid prayer.)[2].

      Who should pay Zakat al-Fitr: If a Muslim is on their own, then they should pay on behalf of themselves only. In the context of a family, it is obligatory for the father to give Zakat al-Fitr on behalf of himself, his wife, his daughters and sons, and on his parents if they are poor. If a child is born before Eid, it is obligatory for the father to pay Zakat al-Fitr on behalf of them. The Prophet (SAW) said: (Sadaqatul-Fitr is required upon every Muslim, male or female, free or slave, young or old)[3].

      The amount that must be paid for Zakat al-Fitr: The amount that must be paid for this charity is a Sa’ (measurement of volume used at the time of the Prophet SAW) of a food which is widely eaten in the country of residence. As we know the main dish eaten by Muslims in this country is rice; therefore, the Zakat is taken out in accordance to the value of that. The Prophet (SAW) specified the obligatory amount to pay for this Zakat, and that is a Sa’, which is calculated to be about 2.5 KG; and this value has been estimated to be:

      Four Pounds Stirling (£4)

      Brothers and sisters in Islam, originally Zakat al-Fitr was supposed to be taken out as food in accordance to the categories that Zakat has been allowed in; thereafter many scholars proceeded to premise the giving of Zakat in the form of money in accordance to the value of the food, and this is a view that has been taken by many Islamic institutions. This perhaps may be because it is more considerate and beneficial for the poor on Eid, as it gives them the capability of buying what they need and want for the day of Eid. It is also easier on the one giving Zakat especially with the circumstances we are living in now with the Coronavirus, I ask Allah to protect us all.

      The Zakat should be given to the poor within the country of residence if it is possible. Although it is permissible to give it to others in another country if they are in more need of it, or to give to family. It is also permissible to give it to organisations that deal with Zakat alFitr funds, with the condition that the poor receive this charity before Eid Prayer.

       The time in which Zakat al-Fitr  should be paid:

      We know that Zakat al-Fitr  is an obligatory charity to give, but it also must be given in a specific time. It is not permissible to delay the giving of the charity to after Eid prayer; and it is agreed upon among the scholars that he (or she) that does not give the Zakat al-Fitr  before the Eid prayer have sinned, and it is still compulsory of them to do so afterwards, the obligation does not cease. This is a right the poor have over their Muslim brothers and sisters, and it is a debt that is still due to be paid. As mentioned in the previous hadith, (The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) enjoined Zakatul-Fitr as a purification for the fasting person from idle talk and obscenities, and to feed the poor. Whoever pays it before the (Eid) prayer, it is an accepted Zakah, and whoever pays it after the prayer, it is (ordinary) charity).

      It is permissible for the Muslim to give Zakat al-Fitr a day or two before Eid al-Fitr.[4]  It was mentioned in the Muwat’a (that Abdullah ibn Umar used to send the Zakat al-Fitr to the one with whom it was collected together two or three days before the day of breaking the fast).[5] Therefore, it is permissible for the Muslim to give Zakat al-Fitr before the Eid prayer with enough time for the charity to reach the needy. And Allah knows best.

      Ahmed El Gehani


      [1] Agreed upon

      [2] Reported by Abu Da’ud and Ibn Majah, and al-Hakim graded it Sahih.

      [3] Al-Tirmidhi 3/60

      [4] See Abi Dawud Book 9, Hadith no. 55

      [5] Al-Muwatt’a  p. 285


      How to Pay During Lockdown

      This year, paying cash directly to the Mosque as an intermediary is not available. We will not be accepting online payments of Zakat Al-Fitr. Instead, your options are:

      • Pay Zakat Al-Fitr directly to any eligible individual or family you know in your locality.
      • Pay Zakat Al-Fitr directly to any eligible individual or family you know in another country, such your country of origin.
      • Pay Zakat Al-Fitr to a trustworthy humanitarian organisation that collects and distributes Zakat Al-Fitr

      When paying Zakat Al-Fitr via option 1 or 2, you should ensure they have received this in an accessible form (such as into their bank account) before the time Eid Prayer would normally be performed in Edinburgh, i.e 6am on the day of Eid.

      When paying Zakat Al-Fitr via option 3, you should pay this a number of days in advance, respecting any deadlines they may set, and you should also ensure from the organisation that they are able to physically distribute your Zakat Al-Fitr before the time Eid Prayer would normally be performed in Edinburgh, i.e 6am on the day of Eid.

      Edinburgh Central Mosque has confirmed and verified that the World Care Foundation and iF Charity are able to distribute Zakat Al-Fitr to those in need, before the time of Eid Prayer in Edinburgh. In order to achieve this, they have set a deadline of May 16th for receiving Zakat Al-Fitr. Donations after this date cannot be guaranteed to be distributed before the time of Eid Prayer in Edinburgh.

      World Care Foundation: https://www.worldcarefoundation.org/product/Ramadan/
      Then select Fitrana and the amount you wish to pay

      iF Charity:
      https://www.ifcharity.org.uk/donate/
      Then select Zakat Al-Fitr under ‘Ramadan Under Seige’

      Notes

      • You do not need to pay your Zakat Al-Fitr to the above organisations, but can choose another. We urge you to verify that any organisation you choose to pay your Zakat al-Fitr to is able to distribute this before the Eid Prayer as this is a condition for the validity of Zakat Al-Fitr.
      • Different organisations may use different ways to calculate the minimum amount of Zakat Al-Fitr due, and use an amount higher than what we have provided. These organisations may also be factoring the processing fees of your donation to ensure you still meet the minimum requirement.